Lesson Plan

Equivalent Fractions: Are They Equal?

If you can see it, you can achieve it! Use this lesson to teach your students how to use visuals to determine if two fractions are equivalent.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Are Equivalent Fractions? pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Are Equivalent Fractions? pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to determine if two fractions are equivalent using visuals.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments

Introduction

(5 minutes)
Fraction Practice: Equivalent FractionsMatching Equivalent FractionsFraction Practice: Equivalent Fractions
  • Write the following question on the board: Are 1/4 and 2/8 equal?
  • Ask students to think about how they would explain whether the answer is yes or no.
  • Give students time to sketch and work out the problem on their whiteboards, then allow them to share ideas with a partner.
  • Call on partners to share their answer and thought process with the class. Encourage students to show their sketches in order to prove their answers.
  • Confirm that the two fractions are equal, and share that the lesson will focus on determining if two fractions are equivalent using shapes. Point out how the visuals helped demonstrate that the fractions were equal.

Beginning

  • Allow learners to use their home language (L1) to explain their thinking.
  • Provide a picture to accompany each of the fractions.

Intermediate

  • Explain what equal means by providing a student-friendly definition and examples.
  • Allow students to utilize reference materials in their L1.