Junior High

  1. Subject-centered
  2. Emphasis is on cognitive development
  3. Organizes teachers in subject-based departments
  4. Traditional instruction dominates
  5. Six to eight class periods per day
  6. Provides academic classes
  7. Offers study hall and/or homeroom
  8. Classrooms arranged randomly or by subject or grade level

Middle School

  1. Student-oriented
  2. Emphasis is on both cognitive and affective development
  3. Organizes teachers and students in interdisciplinary teams
  4. Experiential approaches to instruction
  5. Allows for block and flexible scheduling
  6. Provides exploratory, academic, and nonacademic classes
  7. Offers advisor/advisee, teacher/student opportunities
  8. Team classrooms in close proximity