Education.com
Try
Brainzy
Try
Plus

Make a Homemade Hand Warmer!

Make a Homemade Hand Warmer! Activity

based on 20 ratings
See more activities in: Fourth Grade, Physical Science

Here's a perfect experiment for a cold, wintry day! The promise of warmth and coziness is fantastic motivation for your child to experiment with this practical application of chemistry—keeping his hands warm. The loaded combination of a few natural materials results in a natural warming device that will astonish your child! This homemade hand warmer will work its magic for up to six hours, although the iron will continue to rust for an entire day. The best part: it's biodegradable and non-toxic.

What You Need:

  • Pencil
  • Pencil sharpener
  • Self-sealing sandwich bag
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 2 tbsp. water
  • 2 tbsp. vermiculite (garden store)
  • 2 tbsp. iron powder (hobby shop)
  • 2 tbsp. pulverized activated charcoal (pet store)*

*If you can’t find pulverized charcoal, put coarse charcoal in a bag and mash it with a hammer.

What You Do:

  1. Have your child sharpen the pencil and crush the shavings until you have about 3 tablespoons of pencil shavings.
  2. Help him mix all of the ingredients except the water together in a bowl, then pour the mixture into the sandwich bag.
  3. Add the water to the bag, then seal it up tighly, making sure you allow air to get in.
  4. Squeeze and agitate the bag, then observe the results. What happened? How quickly did the mixture begin to heat up?

What's Happening?

Where does this mysterious heat come from? A long-lasting chemical reaction occurs when oxygen (air) mingles with iron. This is called an exothermic reaction, because it produces heat.

All of the ingredients in this "trick" play a role! Iron is the energy source. The chemical reaction is accelerated by the salt and the charcoal. Water serves as the combining medium, which is evenly diffused by the vermiculite. Lastly, sawdust insulates the hand warmer so that it retains heat.

Updated on Jan 8, 2014
Printable Workbooks from Education.com
Find a printable workbook to go along with this fun activity. See Workbooks
See more activities in: Fourth Grade, Physical Science
Add your own comment
Recommended Learning Products
Trust Education.com to find smart things kids love
Unlimited Workbooks and Worksheets
90% of Students Understand Concepts Better Since Using PLUS
Reading and Math Program for Kids 3-7
300+ games and activities. Try it for free!
Make Math Practice Fun and Engaging
Interactive Math Lessons for Elementary School Students